Hiking Terminologies

Did someone mention a term or an acronym that you aren't quite sure what it means? 

Here are several hundred of the most common (and not so common) hiking terms and their definition.  The links will give you a deeper discussion of the term. 

Here are most of the hiking terminologies you hear on the trails, in the hiking forums, FaceBook groups, or in website articles. 

Eventually, all terms will be expanded with a more in depth article if warranted. 

10 Essentials

100MW or 100 Mile Wilderness


A

Alpenglow

Alpine Start

Alpine Touring

Alpine Zone

AMC or Appalachian Mountain Club

AT or Appalachian Trail


B

Backcountry

Backcountry Camping

Backpacking

Base Layer

Base Weight

Bear Bag

Bear Box

Bear Cable

Bear Canister

Bear Hang

Bear Locker

Bear Pole

Bear Spray

Bear Wire

Bearanoia

Beaver Fever

Bench

Beta

Big Three

Billy

Bio Break

Bivouac

Bivy Sack

Bladder

Blaze

BLM (see Bureau of Land Management)

Blow Down

Blue Bag

Blue Blazer

Bluebird day

Boardwalk

Bomber

Bombproof

Bonk

Book Time

Book Packing

Boot Ski

Bothy

Bouldering

Brain

Break Camp

Break Trail

Buff

Bureau of Land Management

Bush Bashing

Bushwalking

Bushwhacking


C

Cable Car

Cache

Camel Up

Camelbak

Camp Fuel

Campground

Camping

Campsite

Car Camping

Car Shuffle

Carabiner

Cathole

Choss

Cirque

Class 1, 2, 3,...

Cliff Out

Col

Cold Soaking

Coleman Fuel

Compression Sack

Continental Divide Trail

Contour Lines

Corduroy

Corrie

Cowboy Camp

Cozy

Crampons

Crux

Crypto or Cryptobiotic Soil

Cuban Fiber

CWM


D

Day Hiking

Deadfall

Deadman Anchor

Declination (See Magnetic Declination)

DEET

Designated Campground or Camp Area

Detritus

Dirtbag

Dispersed Camping

Ditty Bag

Double-Wall Tent

Drop Toilet

Dry Bag

Dry Weight

Duckboard

Duff (See detritus)

Durable Water Repellency (DWR)

Dyneema


E

Elevation Gain

Elevenses

EMS (Emergency Medical Services)

Exposure


F

False Summit

Fast Packing

Fear of Packing Out Bag

Fell Walking

Female Urination Device (FUD)

Fire Ring

FKT

Flagging Tape

Fleece

Flipflop

Fly

Food Bag

Food Cache

Food Locker

Footprint

FOPO Bag

Ford

Freezer Bag Cooking

From Skin Out

Frontcountry

Frontcountry Camping

FSO


G

Gaiters

Game Trail

Gap

Gear Explosion

Giardia

Glacier

Glissade

Gore-tex

GORP

GPS (Global Positioning System)

Gram Weenie

Grey Water

Groundsheet

Guy Lines


H

Hammock Quilt

Hand Sani

Hardshell

Head Torch

Headlamp

Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke

Herd Path

High Point

Hike Your Own Hike

Hiker Box

Hiker Midnight

Hiker Tan

Hiker Trash

Hiking

Hill Walking

Hot Spots

Hump

Hut

Hydration System

HYOH


I

Injinji or Ingees

inReach


J

John Muir Trail (JMT)

Junction


K

Key Swap

Kicking Steps

Kindling

Kula Cloth


L

Lash

Lean-to

Leave No Trace (LNT)

Loft

Long Drop

Long Underwear

Long-distance Trail

Loop Hike


M

Magnetic Declination

Merino Wool

Microspikes

Mid

Mid-layer

Moleskin

Monorail

Moraine

Mountaineering

Mummy Bag


N

Naphtha

National Parks Service

Neve

No-cook

No-see-um

NoBo

Notch

NPS


O

Out-and-back

Outer Layer

Outhouse


P

Pacific Crest Trail (PCT)

Pack Brain

Pack Weight

Pad

Pass

PCT (see Pacific Crest Trail)

Peak-bagging

Pee Bottle

Pee Cloth

Pee Funnel

Pee Rag

Pee-pee TP

Pegs

Permit

Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)

Piezo Lighter

Pit Toilet

Platypus

PLC (see Personal Locator Beacon)

Plunge Stepping

Point-to-point

Post-holing

Pot Crazy

Primaloft

Primitive Camping

Privy

PUD

Puffer

Purist


Q

Quilt


R

r-value

Rambling

Redline

Reservoir

Resupply

Return

Ripstop

River right/left

Rock Hop

Round-trip

Route

Rucksack


S

Saddle

Sand-bagging

SAR

Satellite Messenger

Scat

Scrambling

Scree

Scroggin

Search and Rescue

Section Hiking

Self-arrest

Shelter

Shoulder-season

Silnylon

Single-wall Tent

Skin Out Weight

Slackcountry

Slackpacking

Sleeping Mat

Sleeping Pad

Slog

Smoko

Snow Stake

Snowfield

Snowshoes

SoBo

Social Trail

Socked In

Softshell

Spork

SPOT

Spur Trail

Stakes

Stealth camping

Step-kicking

Stoked

Stuff Sack

Sucker Hole

Sufferfest

Sun Stroke

Switchbacks

Synthetic Insulation


T

Talus

Tarn

Tarp

Tent Body

Tent Pad

Tent Pegs

Therm-a-rest

Three-season

Throne

Thru-hiking

Thunderbox

Tinder

Topo

Touron

TP

Track

Trail

Trail Angel

Trail Family

Trail Magic

Trail Marker

Trail Mix

Trail Name

Trail Runners

Trail Running

Trail Weight

Trailhead

Tramily

Tramping

Traverse

Treeline

Trekking

Trekking Poles

Trip Plan

Triple Crown

Type 1,2, and 3 Fun


U

Ultralight (UL)

United States Forest Service (USFS)

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

Urine Diversion Toilet

Ursack


V

Vault Toilet

Veggie Belay

Vestibule

Vitamin I

Vly


W

Wag Bag

Walk-in Camping

Walk-up

Water-resistant

Waterproof

Waterproof Breathable

Wetted Out

White Gas

Wild Camping

Wilderness

Wilderness First Aid

Wilderness First Responder

Windproof

Windthrow


X


Y

Yaktrak

Yard Sale

Yellow Blazer

Your Mileage May Vary (YMMV)

Yoyoing


Z

Zero-day (Zeroing)


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